Lithium-ion batteries are divided into lithium and lithium ion batteries. Cell phones and laptops are all lithium - ion batteries, usually known as lithium batteries, and real lithium batteries are rarely used in daily electronic products because of their high risk. Lithium batteries are widely used in power storage power systems such as hydraulic, firepower, wind and solar power stations, as well as electric tools, electric bicycles, electric motorcycles, electric vehicles, military equipment, aerospace and other fields. At present, lithium batteries have gradually extended to electric bicycles, electric vehicles and other fields.
1, lithium battery:
"Lithium battery" is a kind of battery made of lithium metal or lithium alloy as anode material and non-aqueous electrolyte solution. Lithium metal battery was first proposed and studied by Gilbert N. Lewis in 1912. In 1970s, M. S. Whittingham proposed and began to study lithium-ion batteries. Because the chemical characteristics of lithium metal are very active, the processing, preservation and use of lithium metal require very high environmental requirements. Therefore, lithium batteries have not been used for a long time. With the development of science and technology, lithium battery has become the mainstream.